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COMMITTEES

Sir Mutha MUN Conference

UNCSW

United Nations Commission on the Status of Women


The Commission on the Status of Women (CSW) is the principal global intergovernmental body exclusively dedicated to the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of women. The CSW is instrumental in promoting women’s rights and documenting the reality of women’s lives throughout the world.




INTRODUCTION TO THE COMMITTEE

United Nations Commission on the Status of Women


The Commission on the Status of Women (CSW) is the principal global intergovernmental body exclusively dedicated to the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of women. A functional commission of the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), it was established by ECOSOC resolution 11(II) of 21 June 1946.


The CSW is instrumental in promoting women’s rights, documenting the reality of women’s lives throughout the world, and shaping global standards on gender equality and the empowerment of women.


In 1996, ECOSOC in resolution 1996/6 (see p. 20) expanded the Commission’s mandate and decided that it should take a leading role in monitoring and reviewing progress and problems in the implementation of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action, and in mainstreaming a gender perspective in UN activities.


During the Commission’s annual two-week session, representatives of UN Member States, civil society organizations and UN entities gather at UN headquarters in New York. They discuss progress and gaps in the implementation of the 1995 Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action, the key global policy document on gender equality, and the 23rd special session of the General Assembly held in 2000 (Beijing+5), as well as emerging issues that affect gender equality and the empowerment of women. Member States agree on further actions to accelerate progress and promote women’s enjoyment of their rights in political, economic, and social fields. The outcomes and recommendations of each session are forwarded to ECOSOC for follow-up.


UN Women supports all aspects of the Commission’s work. We also facilitate the participation of civil society representatives

Agenda

Representation and recognition of women in employment and politics, with special emphasis on workplace discrimination.

Introduction To The Agenda

Women and girls represent half of the world’s population and, therefore, also half of its potential. Gender equality, besides being a fundamental human right, is essential to achieve peaceful societies, with full human potential and sustainable development. Moreover, it has been shown that empowering women spurs productivity and economic growth.


Unfortunately, there is still a long way to go to achieve full equality of rights and opportunities between men and women, warns UN Women. Therefore, it is of paramount importance to end the multiple forms of gender violence and secure equal access to quality education and health, economic resources and participation in political life for both women and girls and men and boys. It is also essential to achieve equal opportunities in access to employment and to positions of leadership and decision-making at all levels.

Why is it important for women to be represented in a workplace as apposed to men in the same environment?

Due to our social design, women and men have different responsibilities expected of them especially in their family set up. While culturally there might be diversity in the family system's across the world, however quite often women are the primary caregivers at home. Though we have employment opportunities for women, the circumstances and responsibilities that women go through demands that we structure a different work environment for them, for example maternity leave. There is a disparity in the number of days and benefits that women can claim globally across companies. With regard to this aspect in some countries they don't have any rights to claim maternity leave. Since men do not face similar predicament women need special representation for their needs in a work environment.

Is the salary of a designation decided by the gender of the candidate?

In many fields men get paid more than women for the same work done. Where as industries like film and sports it has been accepted in Co-operates and other designated companies the discrimination is subtle. Therefore the change has to happen right from the human resource level, where the hiring takes place.

Despite having qualifications and skill sets, why is it that most world leaders are men?

Women have been proven to be great diplomats and valuable crisis managers. This is not reflected in the choice of world leaders across the world. When it comes to wielding power in politics there is an obvious discrimination against women. Is it the political parties that are impacting this phenomenon or is it the people in democracies who are responsible. Where does the discrimination begin?

Gender equality

Gender Equality was made part of international human rights law by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which was adopted by the UN General Assembly on 10 December 1948. That milestone document in the history of human rights recognized that “All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights” and that “everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, … birth or other status.”


As the international feminist movement began to gain momentum during the 1970s, the General Assembly declared 1975 as the International Women’s Year and organized the first World Conference on Women, held in Mexico City. At the urging of the Conference, it subsequently declared the years 1976-1985 as the UN Decade for Women, and established a Voluntary Fund for Decade.


In 1979, the General Assembly adopted the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), which is often described as an International Bill of Rights for Women. In its 30 articles, the Convention explicitly defines discrimination against women and sets up an agenda for national action to end such discrimination. The Convention targets culture and tradition as influential forces shaping gender roles and family relations, and it is the first human rights treaty to affirm the reproductive rights of women.


Five years after the Mexico City conference, a Second World Conference on Women was held in Copenhagen in 1980. The resulting Programme of Action called for stronger national measures to ensure women's ownership and control of property, as well as improvements in women's rights with respect to inheritance, child custody and loss of nationality.


Introduction to Chairperson

I am samyuktha Darira.
I am currently pursuing my final year in Bsc psychology at women's Christian College. I have deep intrest in theatre and public speaking and find it exhilarating to communicate live to a large audience. While I have won numerous championships in sports my most treasured accomplishment was winning a high commendation at the WCC MUN where students from all over india participated. I feel articulating ideas effectively is the key to communication in all fields. I have always believed in being proactive in pursuing my passions: be it rescuing a wounded puppy or standing up and speaking my heart out for a cause I believe in, or taking up surfing because I love the beach.


Case study reference :

Indira Nooyi

Points to be addressed

• Women in STEM fields

• At hiring levels should gender be included in our resume?

• why do women led enterprises struggle with economic stability and equal business opportunities ?